Learning & Evaluation Process
Approach to learning and evaluation processes
Social changes in Kerala, their nature, the speed
with which they happen are reflected in our educational system too.
A lot of changes have been effected with regard to the aims of education,
approaches methods and techniques which are proved scientific. We have
to look into the learner-centered approach in this background.
This approach has a different perspective
from the earlier approaches as to the pupils nature of the learning
process, favourable learning atmosphere, the role of the teacher in
the teaching-learning process and to the process of evaluation. It explains
some of the general features of teaching-learning processes in the learner-centred
How do children learn?
A learner produces knowledge by constantly applying his own thinking
New concepts have been developed about learning. Learning is explained
as the process of construction of knowledge.
By analysing the life experiences and by interacting with others.
By volunteering for experiments and by analysing failures.
Along with learning, evaluation also takes place in the child.
Try and examine any of the learning situations.
In each situation it can be seen that they make use of thinking abilities
specific to human nature. The application of these capabilities has
led the child to learning. They are listed below.
Ability to identify the similarities and dissimilarities.
Ability to establish relationship between cause and effect in a particular
Ability to formulate concepts based on the relationships already established.
Ability to classify different items on the basis of concepts gained
Ability lo logically analyse experiences/contexts and form conclusions.
Ability to apply the acquired knowledge in new situations.
Ability to classify store and retrieve information, contexts etc.
in memory and to recall and compare them with new ones.
Ability to visualise them and to experience them in different ways
in terms of sounds, pictures etc.
The aim of learning is to develop these competencies
becomes learner centred when each learner applies his/her thinking
capabilities in various learning situation. Thus when the learning
process becomes learner-centred, we have to think in terms of the
What the pupils have to learn and what does the teacher have to teach?
How to workout teaching-learning activities?
What is to be evaluated in learning and how?
How can we transform the class room, schools and the educational system
What are the new ideas concepts, competencies, attitudes, strategies
etc. to be developed in teachers to implement effectively the new teaching
How to provide support mechanism to the teacher to assume the new
What support, help and leadership should we need to maintain the school
and education system in this line?
We have to formulate comprehensive concepts and
ideas in the above lines. Intellectual development is possible only
by providing importance to learning process. A curriculum which aims
at comprehensive development of the learner demands comprehensive
evaluation too. There are limitations for the onetime evaluation programmes
using a single evaluation tool. Because of these reasons we are forced
to adopt continuous and comprehensive evaluation strategies using
a variety of measures. We have been trying to improve the standard
of learning and set up a new model for it.
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25 Nov 2008